• Ryan

Basics Of Nutrition. Understanding Micronutrients

Updated: Sep 30

You're diet needs vitamins and minerals in small amounts. These are micronutrients. Although large amounts aren't needed, they play a very important role in our diets.


Vitamins are organic compounds that are required for normal growth and normal metabolism. Vitamins get synthesised by plants and can be consumed in your diet by eating the appropriate plants or eating animal products that have derived their vitamin content form plants.

Fat Soluble Vitamins

Vitamins A, D, E and K are described as fat soluble. This means that they can only be absorbed, transported and utilised in the presence of fat. So if you're diet is low in fat, then this can lead to severe deficiency in fat soluble vitamins. Some of the functions and sources of these vitamins are as follows:

Vitamin A

  • Stimulates juices for protein digestion

  • Important for bone building

  • Maintains eye health

  • Protects against degenerative damage.

Sources: Butter, Eggs, Liver, Seafood and Cod liver oil.

Vitamin D

  • Needed for calcium and phosphorus digestion

  • Helps for strong bones and teeth

  • Protects against cancer and multiple sclerosis.

Sources: Butter, Eggs, Liver, Seafood and Cod liver oil.

Vitamin E

  • Helps blood circulation

  • Helps tissue repair

  • Maintains structural integrity of cells

  • Slows ageing and is a powerful antioxidant.

Sources: Vegetable oil, Butter, Organ meat, Whole grains, Raw nuts and seeds and dark green leafy vegetables.

Vitamin K